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Central America: Deaf Community

  • By: Trudy Mercadal
  • In: The SAGE Deaf Studies Encyclopedia
  • Edited by: Genie Gertz & Patrick Boudreault
  • Subject:Physical Disabilities, Otorhinolaryngology (Ears, Nose, & Throat)

The World Federation of the Deaf lists its members by region. There are seven regions, one of which is Mexico, Central America (Costa Rica, Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Panama), and the Caribbean (Cuba, Dominican Republic, Guyana, Haiti, and Surinam). According to the World Federation of the Deaf, about 80% of deaf people around the world live in developing countries. There are no specific data quantifying the number of deaf people in the region of Mexico and Central America.

Language Communities

In Mexico and Central America, only the governments of El Salvador, Mexico, and Panama formally recognize national sign languages. In Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua, the governments do not formally recognize sign language. The countries of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, ...

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