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Bilingualism

  • By: Marlon Kuntze
  • In: The SAGE Deaf Studies Encyclopedia
  • Edited by: Genie Gertz & Patrick Boudreault
  • Subject:Physical Disabilities, Otorhinolaryngology (Ears, Nose, & Throat)

Bilingualism is conveniently understood as a language phenomenon that involves two spoken languages. Even though bilingualism is probably as old as the first human who was a part of two different language communities, bilingualism as a field of inquiry is a young one. It has been poorly understood for a long time, and partly as a result, it has been a controversial topic in linguistics and in education. “Deaf bilingualism” is a new term for a linguistic phenomenon that was in place as early as the dawn of deaf education. From the perspective of what is commonly understood as related to bilingualism, Deaf bilingualism is unique because it usually refers to a signed language and a written language. There are two other types of bilingualism ...

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