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Asia, Western: Deaf Community

  • By: Syed Feroj Ahmed
  • In: The SAGE Deaf Studies Encyclopedia
  • Edited by: Genie Gertz & Patrick Boudreault
  • Subject:Physical Disabilities, Otorhinolaryngology (Ears, Nose, & Throat)

A number of nations in western Asia, including Armenia, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Israel, are home to large Deaf communities.

Armenia

A country in the Caucasus, Armenia has a general population of nearly three million people. The majority of some 3,500 to 4,000 Deaf in Armenia reside in the capital city of Yerevan, along with other provinces. Deaf education in Armenia focuses on speechreading and oral methodology. The use of Armenian Sign Language is generally not encouraged. The two schools for the Deaf are located in Yerevan. One of the schools uses an oral mode of instruction for the hard of hearing. The other school is experimenting with a bilingual approach that includes the Armenian oral language and the Armenian Sign Language. Generally, students spend 8 years ...

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