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Addiction, Models of

Although addictive behaviors have existed for many years, doctors and addictions researchers have been studying them for a relatively short time period. Despite many promising trends, professionals have yet to agree on one model of what causes addictions and how best to treat them. Scientific attempts to explain addictions as some kind of disease or psychological affliction are fairly recent. Until the late 20th century, most of society viewed addictions as a kind of moral failing or character flaw. E. M. Jellenik was one of the first to study alcoholism intensely and scientifically in the 20th century. His research led to the American Medical Association recognizing alcoholism as a disease in 1956. Much work continues on this medical model of addictions, but there are other ...

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