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Tissue Culture

  • By: Areej Tariq, Muhammed Zeeshan Ali, Quratulain Fatima Masood & Myra Ahmed
  • In: Encyclopedia of Stem Cell Research
  • Edited by: Clive N. Svendsen & Allison D. Ebert
  • Subject:Ethics in Health Care (general), Medical Research

TISSUE CULTURE IS a general term referring to the growth of cells, organs, tissue, or protoplast, either plant or animal, outside the original organism, giving rise to clones having the same genotype. The term tissue culture is usually used in context with animal tissue, whereas plant culture concerns botanical tissue. It also refers to the growth of tissue pieces (i.e., expiant culture or whole organs—thus organ culture).

The technique has found its application in both commercial and basic research areas and is looked on as an excellent alternative for the production of commercially important plants such as banana, sugarcane, teak, and rosewood to meet the requirements of the world's continuously growing population. In the direction of health and medicine, tis—sue-culturing techniques are contributing not only to ...

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