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Group Decision Making

In everyday life, many decisions are made by groups. Some of these group decisions are relatively inconsequential; however, others serve highly critical functions, such as those made by juries, medical teams, political committees, and safety advisory boards. Therefore, much research has been carried out on the determinants and dynamics of group decision making.

History

The scholarly analysis of group decision making can be traced as far back as the philosophies of Socrates and Aristotle. The Socratic dialogue, for example, is predicated on the assumption that collective discourse can lead to greater truths than can solitary reflections. While there are some laudable exceptions, it was not until the emergence of social psychology in the 1930s that the study of group decision making took on its contemporary shape. This ...

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