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Environmental Protection Agency, U.S.

Established in 1970, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) describes itself as the U.S. environmental steward. With a mission to protect human health and the environment, the agency engages in six major areas of activity: (1) to develop regulations to implement environmental laws passed by Congress; (2) to enforce environmental laws, regulation, and standards; (3) to provide grants to states, nonprofit organizations, and educational institutions; (4) to study environmental issues; (5) to support pollution prevention and energy conservation measures; and (6) to promote environmental education so that Americans realize the benefits of clean land, air, and water.

In the 1960s, environment issues were surfacing as a political and social concern. With the publication of Rachel Carson's Silent Spring in 1962 and the first Earth Day celebration ...

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