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Deliberative Democracy

Deliberative democracy is a political theory that requires legitimate decision making to be based on deliberation among citizens. The theory is often contrasted with the purely aggregative voting methods used in many democratic societies, as well as the self-interested bargaining typified in economics. Deliberative democracy is compatible with science and technology communication theory in that both broad theories promote participation, engagement, and accessible knowledge for all people, not just for the powerful or elite.

In contrast to methods of public engagement with science and technology such as cafés scientifique (or science cafés), deliberative procedures are generally more focused on outcomes and decisions rather than on purely discussions. While enhanced knowledge and participation are benefits in both types of activity, deliberative processes typically involve a definitive ...

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