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Watson, James D.(1928–)

James Dewey Watson is a U.S.-born molecular biologist internationally known for having codeter-mined the double helical structure of the deoxyri-bonucleic acid (DNA) molecule, found in the nuclei of living cells. This achievement in 1953 is considered crucial in the history of biomedicine, because it began to persuade researchers in this field that DNA is the substance constituting the genetic material of all organisms on earth. It also gradually put DNA at the center of attention in science and society as the molecule directing the development and functioning of the living cell and our bodies. Watson was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1962, together with Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins, who were also involved in the determination of the double helix. He has also ...

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