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National Development, Science and Technology in

Today, large-scale science and technology (S&T) and the information, knowledge, and news that these generate are concentrated in the so-called developed world. Major international collaborations in science and technology today that will extend into the first few decades of the 21st century include such projects as the Large Hadron Collider of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (or Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire, known as CERN) in Geneva, Switzerland; the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) in Cadarache, France; and the International Space Station. Each of these collaborations costs billions of dollars, employs thousands of scientists and engineers with advanced degrees, and requires meticulous planning, coordination, and project management. They are led and participated in mostly by advanced countries.

Contrast these collaborations with the S&T activities ...

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