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A rubric is a tool that teachers and testers can use for assessing, scoring, and providing feedback to examinees for any performance, simulation, or task that those examinees are required to do as part of a classroom activity, formal classroom assessment, or institutional testing. At minimum, a rubric is a written grid that has possible scores on one dimension and descriptions of the characteristics of performances at each score level in the cells of the grid. Some rubrics are also designed for separately rating multiple categories or criteria that are labeled on a second dimension. This entry explains three types of rubrics (analytic, holistic, and checklist rubrics) and discusses challenges that teachers face in using rubrics in their classroom testing as well as the ...

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