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Universal Negro Improvement Association

  • By: Joan Luxenburg
  • In: Encyclopedia of Race and Crime
  • Edited by: Helen Taylor Greene & Shaun L. Gabbidon
  • Subject:Race, Ethnicity & Crime, Ethnic Studies

The Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) and African Communities League was history's first Black empowerment movement of massive proportions, with its apex occurring in the United States during the 1920s. The organization still exists today, but it experienced a ...

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