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Equipment for Assessing Basic Processes

Introduction

Cognitive processes as information processing, reasoning, and the awareness of subjective experiences are unobservable. Usually the objects of cognitive research are reconstructions derived from controlled observations of settings, instructions and stimuli as well as from responses such as motor reactions, decisions, kinds of trials in problem solving and verbal reports (Monsell & Driver, 2000). The main goal is to describe sequences of steps in cognitive functioning with respect to genetic, skilled and actual causes of the occurrence of responses and their chaining.

General Remarks on Measures in Cognitive Research

Cognitive behaviour is setting-dependent. Effects of bodily position (unusual or rotated views) are observed for recognition effects and for the extent of optical illusions. Certain environmental circumstances in a study phase (classroom setting, weightlessness) might be part of ...

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