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Development: Socio-Emotional

Emotional life, which develops earlier than rational life, is the key to understanding the world in early childhood. However, up to now, less research has been carried out on this important aspect than on others, such as intellectual, linguistic, motor or moral aspects, and this has had a corresponding effect on assessment.

The mechanism of emotional development still remains obscure. Thus, there are very few scales for assessing emotional development, compared to the number of instruments for assessing, for example, cognitive or motor development. Of the emotional assessment scales that do exist, the most notable are those of: Erikson (1963), who described the psychosocial development of children, and whose theory involves a polar evolution of emotions with five different stages: Trust-Mistrust (0–18 months), Autonomy-Shame (18 months-3 ...

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