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Cognitive Processes: Current Status

Introduction

Cognitive process assessment is not a specific, universally agreed upon approach to assessment, but rather refers to a general orientation concerning mostly what kinds of knowledge, skills, and abilities ought to be assessed, and to a lesser extent perhaps, to how they ought to be assessed. Cognitive process assessment is often defined at least partly by what it is not – it is not ‘behaviourism’ and it is not ‘psychometrics’. It is not behaviourism, because behaviourist approaches focus on observable behaviour, which can be recorded on checklists. In contrast, cognitive process approaches focus on internal thoughts, feelings, strategies, orientations, predispositions, and other attributes that can only be inferred, based on patterns of behaviour. It is not psychometrics, because psychometric approaches are typically driven by ...

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