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Theoretical Perspective: Psychoanalytic

Introduction

Psychoanalytic theories of behaviour embrace a diversity of views that can be grouped into four main lines of thought: drive theory, which focuses primarily on basic needs of the individual and how these needs are channelled and expressed; ego theory, which stresses the nature and adequacy of the coping resources that people bring to bear in dealing with life situations; object relations theory, which emphasizes the representations people form in their minds of the characteristics of other people; and self-psychology, which attends to how people differentiate themselves from others and develop a sense of agency, authenticity, and self-esteem (see Pine, 1990). Despite many differences among them, these threads of psychoanalytic thought share three common premises, each of which has been confirmed by empirical research findings ...

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