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Testing in the Second Language in Minorities

Introduction

Standardized tests have become an indispensable tool in the assessment process and the results they produce frequently form the basis of decisions regarding competence, promotion, selection, or detection of pathologies that may greatly affect the personal and/or employment situation of the subjects tested. Due to the widespread use of tests for making important decisions, the possible influence of testing in the second language in minorities has become a constant research topic in recent years. Many hypotheses have been formulated regarding the influence of language when individuals are tested in a language other than their dominant one. However, although this influence is widely assumed to be present the way in which it affects test results remains unclear (López, 2000).

The term ‘minority’ has generally been used in ...

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