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Test Directions and Scoring

Introduction

Test directions depend closely on the selected scoring rule. Therefore, this entry will mostly centre on the term scoring, which has two different meanings: (1) the process of attributing scores to the examinees according to certain rules, and (2) the selection of the scoring rule in the process of test construction. Both have been taken into account by the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing (AERA, APA & NCME, 1999), although the first one has been given preference. The second meaning may have implications for the validity of the scores, and it is the one which has generated the most scientific research.

Normative Aspects

Concerning test directions, it is relevant to note that one of the rights of test takers is to be provided with as much ...

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