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Self-Observation (Self-Monitoring)

Introduction

Self-monitoring refers to an assessment procedure in which individuals systematically observe instances of their own behaviour and maintain records of those occurrences. In self-monitoring, more than in other forms of assessment, the client becomes the assessor, learning to observe, document and measure behaviour as well as environmental variables that may control it. The resultant data ideally reflects the frequency, duration or intensity of target behaviours in the client's everyday environment, and provides a baseline against which to measure the effects of therapeutic interventions. In addition to measuring target behaviour, self-monitoring is often used to identify situational variables and consequences associated with the client's behaviour in natural settings. This information can be used in a functional analysis of problem behaviours and the development of therapeutic ...

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