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European Parliamentary Elections

European elections were held for the first time in 1979. They determine the members of the European Parliament (EP), which is one of the most important institutions of the European Union (EU). Until 1979, the members of the EP were delegates of the national parliaments. The decision to introduce direct elections was driven by the idea of further integration and involving citizens in the European integration process.

European elections are held every 5 years. They take place at the same time in all EU Member States within 4 days. Voters in the Member States cast their votes according to national election laws, meaning there is no supranational European law harmonizing the electoral process. Accordingly, voters cast their votes for national parties and candidates. Thus, the members ...

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