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Connally, John (1917–1993)

John Bowden Connally was governor of Texas, secretary of the navy, secretary of the treasury, and advisor to both Democratic and Republican presidents. A Democrat and advisor to Lyndon Johnson for most of his political career, he was appointed secretary of the treasury by Richard Nixon. He switched to the Republican Party and was a candidate for president in 1980.

Born near Floresville, Texas, Connally earned a law degree from the University of Texas. In 1937, he volunteered in Johnson's campaign for Congress and was appointed to be his administrative assistant. He managed Johnson's unsuccessful campaign for the Senate, in 1941, and their relationship continued for the next 30 years.

A naval officer on Eisenhower's staff, Connally helped plan the invasion of Italy in 1943. Later, while ...

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