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During the past few decades, the impact of gender on starting a venture as well as on subsequent venture performance has attracted increasing levels of scholarly attention. Gender is a social construction of sex that ascribes characteristics to men and women. It is typically articulated through a binary division into different stereotypical behaviors associated with the masculine and the feminine, where the former is privileged over the latter and thereby supports a hierarchical valuation of traits and characteristics. Disentangling the influence of gender on different aspects of new venture management is highly challenging, as masculine and feminine behaviors are social constructs that can be adopted by any individual regardless of biological sex. Putting it simply, not all female entrepreneurs behave in stereotypically feminine ways, and ...

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