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The word motivation comes from a Latin word movere, meaning to move. It is often associated with behaviors. Motivation involves expending effort toward a goal. Needs and other motives propel our behaviors to achieve those goals. Motives may be intrinsic (internal) or extrinsic (external). Individuals who are internally motivated are motivated by job satisfaction and pride in their work, among other factors. Those who are motivated externally are motivated by rewards such as pay, benefits, and status. Research on motivation began with needs theories. Frederick Herzberg suggests in his two-factor theory of motivation that some factors are motivators or satisfiers, and other factors are hygiene factors or dissatisfiers. Motivators include achievement, recognition, growth, responsibility, and the job itself. Hygiene factors are money, job security, policies, ...

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