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Decisions Faced by Institutional Review Boards

Institutional review boards (IRBs) are part of the main committees within institutions authorized to provide independent scientific and ethical review and evaluation of research studies on humans. Their tasks are to optimally protect human study participants by the review and evaluation of the risks and benefits of a research study from scientific and ethical perspectives in the context of making as certain as possible that the study is aimed at developing appropriate scientific knowledge for use by future generations of humans. IRBs accomplish these tasks by carrying out their own systematic review and evaluation of the science and the ethics of the study from the primary perspective of protecting human research study participants.

While regional IRBs and private IRBs exist, most IRBs are local to ...

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