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Treatment choices are the range of options that people may use to deal with a health issue or illness. This might involve different approaches, or combinations of approaches, to treating a health condition. The approaches may range from self-care, with or without medical advice, to deciding to stop treatment. Choices could be made about where, when, how, and by whom to be treated and may include complementary or alternative approaches. The choices that people make are at the heart of patient involvement in medical decision making.

Changes in Consultation Style

In the paternalistic (“Doctor knows best”) form of healthcare, relatively widespread until the end of the 20th century, the doctor was consulted for treatment advice, and the patient was expected to follow the advice more or ...

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