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Technology assessment in medical decision making, or health technology assessment (HTA), is a form of policy analysis that seeks to examine the broader impact of decisions surrounding medical technology in healthcare. Many definitions of HTA exist, but it is generally characterized as an instrument for decision making that bridges the world of research with the world of decision making. Organizations conducting HTA began to proliferate in the 1980s and 1990s, and HTA continues to be an active field internationally. HTA is conducted in very small and very large healthcare settings under a variety of models and using a variety of methods. Subsequently, HTA is used by a large number of those involved in medical decision making, including patients, clinicians, researchers, institutional managers, and public ...

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