• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

Metabolic Syndrome in Youth and Physical Activity

  • By: Robert G. McMurray & Lars Bo Andersen
  • In: Encyclopedia of Lifestyle Medicine & Health
  • Edited by: James M. Rippe
  • Subject:Health Psychology / Behavioral Medicine, Public Health Education & Health Promotion, Health Psychology

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was first described in the mid-1990s as syndrome X and recently also has been referred to as the insulin-resistant syndrome. It consists of dyslipidemia, hypertension, glucose intolerance, and obesity, which, when all factors are present, lead to the greatest risk of developing cardiovascular or coronary disease. Since this initial description, the definition has been refined to include low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, high circulating triglycerides, hypertension, glucose intolerance, and central obesity or increased waist circumference. Although MetS was first described in adults, a retrospective evaluation of pediatric data as far back as the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I (NHANES I) study (1988–1994) conducted in the United States suggests that MetS characteristics exist in 3% to 14% of all youth ...

    • Loading...
    locked icon

    Sign in to access this content

    Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

    • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
    • Read modern, diverse business cases
    • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles