• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

Fibromyalgia

  • By: Kim Dupree Jones, Molly Aultz & Lindsay L. Kindler
  • In: Encyclopedia of Lifestyle Medicine & Health
  • Edited by: James M. Rippe
  • Subject:Health Psychology / Behavioral Medicine, Public Health Education & Health Promotion, Health Psychology

Fibromyalgia (FM) is a common, costly, and often highly debilitating disorder marked by a history of widespread body pain, including spinal pain. During the physical exam, the patient commonly experiences pain as the examiner presses with minimal stress (4 kg) on selected muscle-tendon junctions. The clinical presentation of FM often includes symptoms reaching beyond pain, including fatigue, sleep disturbance, stiffness, cognitive difficulties, tenderness, and difficulty exercising at an age-expected norm. Moreover, many other illness are comorbid in FM, including irritable bowel and bladder, headaches, temporomandibular joint dysfunction, pelvic pain (endometrosis, vulvodynia, vulvar vestibulitis), and restless legs syndrome.

Despite 3 decades of mounting objective patho-physiological evidence and the advent of FDA-indicated medications specifically for FM, the disorder remains controversial. Even 18 years after the American College of ...

    • Loading...
    locked icon

    Sign in to access this content

    Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

    • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
    • Read modern, diverse business cases
    • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles