• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

Exercise Prescription

  • By: Ross Arena, Jonathan Myers & Marco Guazzi
  • In: Encyclopedia of Lifestyle Medicine & Health
  • Edited by: James M. Rippe
  • Subject:Health Psychology / Behavioral Medicine, Public Health Education & Health Promotion, Health Psychology

The cardiovascular and pulmonary systems respond to an acute bout of aerobic exercise by augmenting oxygen delivery to active skeletal muscle in an attempt to meet the energy requirements for a given level of physical stress. The capacity to increase oxygen delivery and utilization in response to aerobic exercise depends on several factors, including age, sex, fitness level, genetic variability, and disease status. Furthermore, regular participation in aerobic exercise over a prolonged period results in numerous positive adaptations to the physiological systems involved. As a result, the ability of these physiological systems to deliver and use the oxygen needed for aerobic activity is enhanced.

An impressive body of literature demonstrates the importance of aerobic exercise training to an individual's health. Participation in a regular exercise program ...

    • Loading...
    locked icon

    Sign in to access this content

    Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

    • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
    • Read modern, diverse business cases
    • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles