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Theories X, Y, and Z

  • By: John Nirenberg
  • In: Encyclopedia of Leadership
  • Edited by: George R. Goethals, Georgia J. Sorenson & James MacGregor Burns
  • Subject:Leadership

Drawing upon the conventions of the scientific community, the management theorist Douglas McGregor (1906–1964) postulated two theories that he designated with alphabetic characters: Theory X and Theory Y. These theories represent pure archetypes of managerial beliefs about the ...

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