• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

Hate Crimes

  • By: Brian S. MacNamara
  • In: Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement
  • Edited by: Larry E. Sullivan, Marie Simonetti Rosen, Dorthy Moses Schulz & M. R. Haberfeld
  • Subject:General Criminology & Criminal Justice, Police Studies (general)

Hate crimes are defined as those criminal acts in which the perpetrator was motivated by bias against the victim based on the victim's religion, race, gender, sexual orientation, or ethnicity. Criminal acts motivated by hatred are not new: the Romans persecuted ...

    • Loading...
    locked icon

    Sign in to access this content

    Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

    • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
    • Read modern, diverse business cases
    • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles