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Experts, Use in Civil Courts

Within court systems, expertise is defined as the recourse by a judge or one of the parties to an expert who provides a specialized viewpoint and is knowledgeable on technical and scientific issues that emerge in litigation. Expertise integrates scientific and technical knowledge into legal decision making. The expert can belong to any professional group insofar as she is not acting as a legal professional. Indeed, the expert's legitimacy rests on her technical and scientific competence, which should not encroach on the judge's role in the courtroom.

Experts are regulated by the law of evidence and proof, as well as procedure rules. In comparative law studies, the main division of expertise is that existing in common law countries contrasted with that in civil law nations. One ...

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