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Conservation Enclosures

  • By: Sinduja Krishnan
  • In: Green Politics: An A-to-Z Guide
  • Edited by: Dustin Mulvaney & Paul Robbins
  • Subject:Environmental Sociology, Environmental Technology, Policy & Management, Environmental Policy & Law (general)

Conservation is achieved in two main ways: in situ conservation and ex situ conservation. In situ is the type of conservation in which conservation of endangered species takes place in natural habitats, either by cleaning up the space or by protecting from predators. Ex situ conservation may be used as a last resort to an endangered population: the entire population is relocated, usually in the care of humans. This uses some rather questionable methods in laboratory practices. Zoos, seed banks, and botanical gardens are the most common examples of ex situ conservation.

Conservation is important to protect biological diversity, including, but not exclusively, of large mammals. Traditionally, the exclusionary process has been used in the creation of protected areas, which exclude the indigenous people from entering ...

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