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A bioregion is a term and concept that has developed especially over the last 30 years within, but not limited to, the fields of geography, environmental politics, and environmental philosophy, as well as within environmental activist circles. This article examines the historical development of the term, what it signifies, how it has shaped bioregional philosophy, its criticisms, and how the concept relates to green cities.

The term bioregion is derived from bios (life) and regia/regere (region/territory) and refers to the bio-, geo-, and chemical-physical processes and components that constitute a specific geographical territory. Although the term itself did not enter into popular and academic discourse until the late 1970s/early 1980s, when it was popularized by the bioregional movement, intimations of its meaning were present decades prior. ...

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