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THE REPUBLIC OF Singapore covers the main island of Singapore and 57 outlying islands, most of which are uninhabited. It covers a land area of 270 sq. mi. (704 sq. km.) and has a total population of 4,680,600 (July 2003 est.). This means that Singapore has one of the highest population densities in the world—more than 17,335 people per sq. mi. (6425 people per sq. km.). Combined with a high standard of living, Singapore has a high per capita emission level of carbon dioxide, with 15 metric tons of carbon dioxide per capita in 1990, rising to 19.1 metric tons in 1994 and then falling to 16.8 metric tons in 1997, after which date it has fallen significantly, reaching 11.3 metric tons in 2003. ...

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