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THIS COUNTRY CONSISTS of 115 islands spread over 250,966 sq. mi. (650,000 sq. km.) of ocean and has a land area of 176 sq. mi. (451 sq. km.), with a population of 87,000 (2006 est.) and a population density of 458 people per sq. mi. (178 people per sq. km.). With 18 percent of the land forested, 2 percent is arable, and 13 percent is used for meadows and pasture.

The entire electricity production of the country comes from fossil fuels, and the country, largely because of this and a burgeoning luxury tourist industry, has a relatively high level of per capita carbon dioxide emissions. Although it was 1.6 metric tons per person in 1990, it has risen steadily, reaching 2.6 metric tons in 1996, and ...

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