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THE REPUBLIC OF Rwanda, located in central Africa, has a land area of 10,169 sq. mi. (26,798 sq. km.), with a population of 9,725,000 (2006 est), and a population density of 829 people per sq. mi. (320 people per sq. km.), the second highest in Africa, and the highest on the African mainland. Some 35 percent of the country is arable land, with 18 percent used for meadows and pasture, and 10 percent of the country remains forested.

A fisherman in Lake Kivu struggles with his boat. The lake has declined in size due to increased temperatures.

In terms of its per capita carbon dioxide emissions, Rwanda had less than 0.1 metric tons per person in 1990, with 0.07 percent in 2003, making it the ...

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