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THE FORMER COLONY of Portuguese Guinea, the Republic of Guinea-Bissau has a land area of 13,948 sq. mi. (36,125 sq. km.), with a population of 1,586,000 (2005 est.), and a population density of 114 people per sq. mi. (44 people per sq. km.). Forests cover 38 percent of the country; some 11 percent of the land is arable, and 38 percent is used for meadows and pasture. Largely because it is an undeveloped state, with many of its people living in poverty, Guinea-Bissau has one of the lowest rates of per capita carbon dioxide emissions in the world, with 0.2 metric tons per person in 1990, falling to 0.18 metric tons by 2003. All the electricity production in the country comes from fossil fuels, with ...

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