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LOCATED ALONG THE Pacific seaboard of South America, the Republic of Chile has a land area of 292,183 sq. mi. (756,950 sq. km.), with a population of 16,598,074 (2007 est.), and a population density of 57 people per sq. mi. (22 people per sq. km.). With 5 percent of the land arable, 21 percent of Chile is forested, with 1.15 million hectares of plantation forests, most of which is pine. In spite of a heavy reliance on mining, Chile has a relatively low level of carbon dioxide emissions—2.7 metric tons per person in 1990, rising to 4.1 metric tons in 1999, and then falling to 3.7 metric tons in 2003. Most of the carbon dioxide emissions come from liquid fuels (56 percent). Twenty-eight percent of ...

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