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  • By: Sandra K. Willsie D.O., FACOI, FACP, F
  • In: Encyclopedia of Global Health
  • Edited by: Yawei Zhang
  • Subject:Public Health (general), Public Health Education & Health Promotion

Emphysema is a chronic and irreversible lung condition which affects 4.7/100,000 persons in the United States. The primary cause of emphysema is tobacco smoking; other causes include chronic exposure to toxins and fumes. Some patients are more susceptible to the effects ...

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