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Research and Development, Geographies of

  • By: Rajiv Thakur
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

Geographies of research and development (R&D) involve the study of spatial patterns and processes that emerge from the production of basic and applied research, on the one hand, and from how R&D activities articulate within the communities in which they are so deeply embedded, on the other. The significance of R&D in the current global context emerges from the critical role that technology and innovations have come to play in economic development. Intrinsic to understanding the significance of R&D is the need to appreciate the interaction between regions and economic processes and how spatial ideas such as distribution, arrangement, clustering, agglomeration, and so on, permeate the notion of interconnection and interdependence across space. A predominant characteristic of the current phase of globalization is economic restructuring ...

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