• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

Remote Sensing in Disaster Response

  • By: Gilbert L. Rochon
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

Remote sensing is the observation of phenomena at a distance, using a range of sensors for object identification based on their spectral signature, that is, the degree to which they absorb, reflect, backscatter, or emit light at various segments of the electromagnetic spectrum. Remote sensing can be accomplished from aircraft, from Earth-observing satellites, and from specialized in situ devices. Remote sensing technology has been used to facilitate first-responders’ decision support for a wide array of biogenic (naturally caused) and anthropogenic (man-made) disasters. Such natural disasters include landslides, snow disasters, volcanic eruptions, floods, hurricanes, earthquakes, tsunamis, droughts, famines, epidemics, and epizootics. Anthropogenic disaster responses that have benefited from remote sensing data include both inadvertent disasters (e.g., pollution, mining accidents, hazardous chemical and oil spills, train derailments) ...

    • Loading...
    locked icon

    Sign in to access this content

    Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

    • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
    • Read modern, diverse business cases
    • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles