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Public Participation Gis

  • By: Kevin Ramsey
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

Public Participation GIS (PPGIS) is the use of geographic information systems (GIS) in efforts to broaden public involvement and influence in matters such as public policy, urban planning, environmental management, and rural development. Geographers engage with PPGIS as both a topic of academic research and an applied practice. While the roots of PPGIS are diverse, the term itself emerged in response to debates in the 1990s over the social, ethical, and political implications of GIS. Three related concerns, in particular, have had a lasting influence in the trajectory of PPGIS research and practice: (1) the antidemocratic implications of the growing role of GIS in spatial governance and decision making due to inevitable disparities in access to data, technology, and expertise; (2) the ways in which ...

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