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Marine Aquaculture

  • By: Karina Benessaiah
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

Marine aquaculture refers to the farming of aquatic organisms in coastal or offshore marine environments, involving controlled interventions to increase production by specific groups claiming ownership of the cultivated stock. Marine aquaculture involves the farming of a high diversity of aquatic organisms, including mollusks, crustaceans, fish, and aquatic plants, amounting to 240 reported species in 2004, cultivated in diverse environments (brackish and marine areas), with different technologies (cages, ponds) and a wide spectrum of production systems operated by distinct groups (individuals, cooperatives, corporations) in several regions of the world.

Production and Distribution

Marine aquaculture has been practiced for millennia, especially in Asian cultures, but it has grown exponentially since the 1980s in response to a widespread decline of the world's fisheries and increased consumption of aquatic species ...

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