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Landscape and Wildlife Conservation

  • By: Chris S. Duvall
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

Many geographers study the relationships between patterns of habitat variation and the processes through which wildlife species occupy landscapes. An animal's capacity to move across landscapes is a function of both intrinsic factors related to its behavior and physiology and extrinsic factors arising from the distribution of suitable habitat in space and time. Understanding how animals move between habitats across landscapes is important in applied contexts, especially wildlife management and conservation, and theoretical contexts, including evolutionary ecology.

Research on Wildlife-Landscape Interactions

Ecologists have studied wildlife ecology and habitat use for decades. Before the 1970s, most studies of wildlife ecology were not spatially explicit but simply categorized wildlife observations by habitat type, not location. This approach reflected the traditional emphasis in biological ecology on evolutionary processes rather than ...

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