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Image Interpretation

  • By: Victor Mesev & Jennifer Miller
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

Image interpretation is the process used in remote sensing to extract meaningful information from photographic and digital images taken of the Earth's surface and atmosphere. The goal is to identify, count, measure, and classify geographic objects or features in the landscape as they are represented by single images or to infer physical geographic processes from two or more images. Whether these objects are individual trees, clusters of trees, or a whole forest or whether the objects are buildings, neighborhoods, or a complete town depends on the spatial resolution of the remote sensor. Similarly, whether the tree is deciduous or coniferous or whether the building is a house or a store partly depends on the spectral resolution of the remote sensor. Spatial, spectral (and radiometric, referring ...

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