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Hurricane Katrina

  • By: Robert W. Christopherson
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season broke several records, including the most named tropical storms in a single year, totaling 27 (the average is 10), and the most hurricanes, 15 (the average is 5); and 7 of these were rated intense, or greater than Category 3 (the average is 2—i.e., sustained winds above 111 mi./hr. [miles per hour], or 179 km/hr. [kilometers per hour]). The 2005 season was the only time two Category 5 storms were in the Gulf of Mexico (Katrina and Rita) and the first time three Category 3 or more hurricanes made U.S. landfall in subsequent years (2004 and 2005). Hurricane Katrina was the costliest storm in U.S. history, at an estimated $105 billion. The 2005 season experienced the greatest damage total in ...

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