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Hate, Geographies of

  • By: Jonathan Leib
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

Postmodern and poststructuralist perspectives continue to strongly influence the humanities and social sciences, revealing unequal power relations between those social groups at “the center” of society and those who traditionally exist at the “margins.” Human geographers are particularly concerned with revealing how notions of place, geographical scale, territorial claims, and social space are implicated in the construction of these “center-margin” identities. Much of this research has focused on the geographies of “race,” gender and sexuality, ethnicity, disability, and other “marginalized” identities that tend to place these groups “outside” long-constructed “norms” of Anglo-American society (usually represented as mostly male, white, Christian, and heterosexual). This leads to various social “border” constructions, thereby “defining” who is “in place” and who is “out of place.” While uncovering the processes ...

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