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GIS Implementation

  • By: Shih-Lung Shaw
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

A geographic information system (GIS) should be considered as an information system rather than as a software product when planning GIS implementation in an organization. Different organizations that implement identical GIS software could experience very different outcomes with respect to their success. An information system involves not only software but also other components, such as data, hardware, procedures, people, and organizational settings. These components must work together to create a successful implementation. As a result, management and organizational considerations are often at least as important as technology in a successful GIS implementation.

Before an organization makes a commitment to GIS implementation, it is critical to identify its business needs and find out if GIS can help the organization meet its needs in more efficient and effective ...

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