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Genocide, Geographies of

  • By: Stephen L. Egbert & Shannon O'Lear
  • In: Encyclopedia of Geography
  • Edited by: Barney Warf
  • Subject:General Geography, Earth & Environmental Science

Geographies of genocide refers to (1) the study of genocide and mass violence within the broad framework of geography as a discipline and (2) the places created and transformed, real or imagined, as a consequence of genocide and other forms of mass violence.

Geographies of Genocide as a Field of Study

Genocide, literally meaning “race murder,” was coined by Raphael Lemkin during his lifelong struggle to garner international support against mass extermination. His crowning achievement, the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, was adopted by the United Nations in 1948. The Genocide Convention defines genocide as any action intended “to destroy in whole, or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group.” Significantly, it asserts that recognizing a genocide event is ...

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